The Shinar Directive – Part 3
Why the Watchers Were Interested in “Sex.”
by Michael K. Lake, Th.D.,
While there was more than just sex going on in Genesis 6, I need to interject a couple of points for clarification:
1. Sex was not Satan’s idea; it was God’s. God meant for it to deepen the covenant relationship of marriage between a man and a woman. It was for pleasure, intimacy, and procreation.
2. Since God created sex, He also set boundaries for its proper use. These boundaries, as well as all others declared within the Word of God, were established because of God’s love for us. The act of sex is more than just a physical union. Mankind was created in the image of God; this is exemplified in our tripartite design. Sex brings all three aspects of our being into play, so our spirits, souls, and bodies are affected. Sexual union outside of the boundaries established by God can open the doors of Hell to the lives of those individuals and within society as a whole.
It is interesting to note that all of the angels revealed in the Bible are presented as male. (I am concerned about some of today’s ministers reportedly having visitations from female angels. This does not fit the biblical norm, and I believe deception is involved.) Their stories seem to deviate from the creation of mankind. God desired a helpmeet for Adam and created Eve from Adam’s own flesh. This action not only gave Adam a companion, wife, and friend, but it enabled him to procreate. This ability corresponds with God’s command for the two to “be fruitful and multiply.” No such command was ever given to the angels. It would seem that they were all created as males, and God never intended for them to procreate. So we see, in Genesis 6, why both the concepts of sex and procreation were such an overwhelming temptation for them. This understanding allows us to correlate within our thinking: (1) Genesis 6; (2) the men of Sodom and Gomorrah wanting to have sex with the angels; and (3) what Jesus said about angels in Matthew 22:30.
For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. (Matthew 22:30)
The subject of these verses in Matthew is marriage and procreation. It is not that the angels (presented as male) cannot have sex; rather, it is not in the plan of God for them to enter marriage or to procreate. This might have been the sin that caused them to lose their first estate (Jude 6). In the same way, after the resurrection, there will be no need for the glorified saints to procreate.
I. D. E. Thomas, in his now-classic book on Genesis 6 entitled, The Omega Conspiracy, shared a quote from renowned theologian, Francis A. Schaeffer, regarding his belief that Genesis 6 revealed that theBene Elohim were indeed angels and not descendants of Seth:
More and more we are finding that mythology in general though greatly contorted very often has some historic base. And the interesting thing is that one myth which occurs over and over again in many parts of the world is that somewhere a long time ago supernatural beings had sexual intercourse with natural women and produced a special breed of people.[i]
It is not specifically revealed in Scripture whether the Watchers fell away from God at the time of the fall of Lucifer or during the Genesis 6 account of the sin of mating with human females, but their falling away was alluded to twice in the New Testament:
For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man. For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man. Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man. For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels. (1 Corinthians 11:7–10, emphasis added)
The Greek word used for power here is exousia (ex-oo-see’-ah), which speaks of authority. When a woman comes under the authority of her husband as a part of covenant relationship, it closes the door of temptation (or possibly access) by angelic beings.
And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. (Jude 1:6)
Jude tells us that certain angels did not keep their “first estate,” but they left it for something else. He was connecting this, I believe, with Genesis 6. The sensual pleasures of sex and the power to procreate could have been what caused the angels to fall.
Jude 1:6 is a direct quote from the Book of Enoch. Although theBook of Enoch is not considered a part of biblical canon, it is within the Orthodox Ethiopian Church and was known and respected by the Jewish world in which the New Testament was written. An article on Wikipedia shares a possible reason it was never officially accepted as canon by the Jewish community at large:
Although evidently widely known during the development of the Hebrew Bible canon, 1 Enoch was excluded from both the formal canon of the Tanakh and the typical canon of the Septuagint and therefore, also the writings known today as the Deuterocanon. One possible reason for Jewish rejection of the book might be the textual nature of several early sections of the book that make use of material from the Torah; for example, 1 En 1 is a midrash of Deuteronomy 33.[ii]
There are several aspects of the Book of Enoch that I find interesting:
- In 1 Corinthinians, Paul seems to allude to an understanding drawn from the Book of Enoch.
- Jude quotes directly from the Book of Enoch.
- One of the angels (or Watchers, as described in the Book of Enoch) is notorious for his crimes against humanity. His name was Azazel. Here is what the Book of Enoch has to say about him: “The whole earth has been corrupted through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin” (1 Enoch 10:8).
The Book of Enoch goes on to tell us regarding his judgment:
And again the Lord said to Raphael: “Bind Azazel hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening in the desert, which is in Dudael, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may not see light. And on the day of the great judgment he shall be cast into the fire.” (1 Enoch 10:4–6)
It is interesting that the scapegoat of Leviticus 16 is connected to Azazel, and its fate is similar to his own. And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat. (Leviticus 16:8)
And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat: And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness: And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness. (Leviticus 16:20–22)
The Hebrew word in Leviticus 16:8 for “scapegoat” is azazel (az-aw-zale’).[iii]
There was a possible trade agreement going on between the Watchers and mankind: the trading ofwomen for knowledge and technology. In exchange for access to human women, the Watchers began teaching mankind knowledge drawn from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil that polluted their minds. According to the Book of Enoch, that is exactly what Azazel did:
And Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made known to them the metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of costly stones, and all colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and they committed fornication, and they were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways. (1 Enoch 8:1–2)
Thou seest what Azazel hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were (preserved) in heaven, which men were striving to learn. (1 Enoch 9:5, emphasis added)
I also believe that the Watchers and their children, the Nephilim, introduced sexual perversions to mankind, such as homosexuality, pedophilia, and bestiality. Christian researcher Stephen Quayle, in his groundbreaking book, Aliens & Fallen Angels: The Sexual Corruption of the Human Race, shares the following:
Ancient historians had a variety of horrors to tell about the Celtae giants, including the fact that they were homosexuals (another crime which dictated the death penalty under Mosaic Law). Athenaeus states that the giants were accustomed to sleeping with not one but two boys. The historian Diodorus also suggested that homosexuality was rampant among the giants when he wrote:
Although their wives were comely, they have very little to do with them, but raged with lust in outlandish fashion for the embraces of males. And the most astonishing thing of all is that they feel no concern for their proper dignity but prostitute to others without a qualm the flower of their bodies; nor do they consider this a disgraceful thing to do, but rather when anyone of them is thus approached and refuses the favor offered him, this they consider an act of dishonor.[iv]
Quayle goes on to share the connection of the Watchers and the practice of bestiality:
While such a possibility is almost too repulsive to imagine, the bestiality of Sodom and Gomorra and the linkage of these two cities to the practices of the fallen angels elsewhere in the Bible suggest such hideous acts might be considered a possibility.
Interestingly, a Canaanite tablet contains several verses claiming that such matings took place between animals and the god Baal:
He loved a heifer in the pasture,
He lay with her seventy-seven times,
She made him mount eighty-eight times,
She conceived and gave birth to his likeness.[v]
From all the research I have completed over the past several decades, I have found a weaving of the sexual practices of the Watchers and Nephilim with the practice of many forms of ritual magic. One such practice combines homosexuality and pedophilia; it is known as Transyuggothian Magic. This horrific practice allows the male sorcerer to access other dimensions or galaxies to commune with supposed older and stronger entities than the God of the Bible through sex with young boys. Through this commune, spiritual, occult power is drawn through the young boy to empower the sorcerer. This defilement also serves as sexual vampirism, in which the sorcerer draws the life force of the young boy to extend his own life—a vain attempt to achieve immortality. Dr. Bill Schnoebelen reveals in his video series, Exposing the Illuminati from Within, that this was a common practice with Aleister Crowley (one of the most well-known sorcerers and Freemasons of the past century) and members of the Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), and that it is also the royal secret of the 32nd degree of Freemasonry (the certificate of the 32nd degree declares that the Freemason holds the secret, but none are told what it actually is—a common practice in occult circles).
The list of connections between deviate sexual practices/lifestyles and the occult could easily become a book in itself. The link between the two is real and is manifested in many levels, from combining forces to change societal norms to ritualistic magic forbidden by Scripture. There is a correlation between the new sexual revolution being forced upon us worldwide today, the waning of the influence of Christianity in the Northern Hemisphere, and the expansion of all occult groups within our society. Truly, the days of Noah are unfolding before our very eyes.
Then the Book of Enoch goes on to tell us that the Watchers began revealing eternal secrets that were preserved in Heaven, and that men were striving to learn them. Today, all esoteric societies are striving to once again discover and use these eternal secrets to enslave mankind and to return to the “old glory days” before Almighty God intervened!
Rediscovering Atlantis is a theme that permeates occult literature to include the influential writings of H. P. Blavatsky, Sir Francis Bacon, and Masonic philosopher, Manly P. Hall, just to name a few. This desire was embedded within the Thule Society that groomed Adolf Hitler and was the goal of the Third Reich. The story of Atlantis, in which super humans lived and ultimate knowledge had been obtained, was destroyed by a catastrophic flood. Perhaps Atlantis (or some variation of its name within occult lore) was a city inhabited by the Watchers and their children, the Nephilim. This legendary city might have served as the center of culture, power, and learning of the forbidden arts in the pre-antediluvian world. It would appear that the Luciferian Elite are striving to recreate their City of Gold.
We need to reevaluate our perspective of the times of Noah. This was not a time when barbarians wandered around in small groups that lacked any type of civilization. In fact, it was quite the opposite. Again, I refer to the research of George H. Pember. He provides the following observations regarding the Antediluvian Age:
1. Cain had taught them to settle in communities, and build cities; and the sons of Lamech—speedily followed, no doubt, by many others—had introduced the mechanical and fine arts, and had devised unlawful means of evading the labour imposed by the curse.[vi]
2. And yet so great had been their intellectual power that the famous library of Agane, founded at the time by Sargon I, was stocked with books “which were either translated from Accadian originally, or else based on Accadian texts, and filled with technical words which belonged to the old language.”[vii]
3. We have evidence that in very early times there were well-known libraries at Erech, Ur, Cutha, and Larsa, to which observatories and universities were attached.
If, then, we give but their fair weight to these considerations, we seem compelled to admit that the antediluvians may have attained a perfection in civilization and high culture that has scarcely yet been recovered, much as we pride ourselves upon our own times.[viii]
This exchange of women for advanced (forbidden) knowledge, technology, and civil advancement is not limited to the Antediluvian Age. This same theme of women producing offspring of the gods and the people receiving advanced information and technology is seen throughout the ancient world. Even many of the cultures of ancient Mesa America, to include both the Aztec and Mayan civilizations, are filled with such stories. It should be noted that both of their cultures possessed advanced knowledge that was impossible with their level of technology. Before Nazi Germany exploded on the scene with a progressive society that boasted of fluoridated water, complete gun control, a robust economy, and a desire to bring humanity to a new level of perfection through what they termed as the “Aryan Race,” they were obsessed with reconnecting to the old gods and practicing something called transchanneling. Transchanneling was similar to the work of a medium who would speak with the dead, except their mediums would communicate with aliens (or beings from another dimension). The established communion with these otherworldly beings provided the technological superiority that Nazi Germany had at the beginning of World War II—from rockets to the first jet fighters. We also need to ask ourselves: Were all of the experiments conducted by Nazi scientists in the horrors of the concentration camps ideas of their own making, or were they inspired by the entities they were in communion with? Remember, the knowledge they gained was considered so valuable that the nations that conquered Germany divided up the scientists to tap into that vast, cutting-edge research. In our own country, under Operation Paperclip, scores of Nazi scientists were secretly brought to our nation. Many of these individuals were instrumental in the founding of US institutions that are in the forefront of influence in our society today: from the CIA to NASA.
I also find it interesting that there were UFO sightings during World War II. Our fighter pilots called them “Foo Fighters.” Wikipedia provides the following information on this phenomenon:
The term foo fighter was used by Allied aircraft pilots in World War II to describe various UFOs or mysterious aerial phenomena seen in the skies over both the European and Pacific theaters of operations.
Though “foo fighter” initially described a type of UFO reported and named by the U.S. 415th Night Fighter Squadron, the term was also commonly used to mean any UFO sighting from that period. Formally reported from November 1944 onwards, witnesses often assumed that the foo fighters were secret weapons employed by the enemy.[ix]
Did the pagan rituals practiced by the SS of Nazi Germany open portals into outer darkness and allow the very Watchers that God had cast out in the times of Noah to enter back into the earth? New revelations have come to light in the eye-opening documentary entitled Blood Sacrifice—Cleansing the Soil for the Aryan Antichrist by Cutting Edge Studios. The researchers of this documentary found eyewitnesses of Nazi movements right before the end of World War II. Trucks were loaded with the ashes of all those killed in the concentration camps (both Jews and Gentiles) to be used in occult rituals throughout Europe. The purpose of the rituals was to cleanse the land of the effects of Christianity and to rededicate it back to the old gods. (Christianity has been in decline in Europe ever since.)
After World War II, the United States began to experience numerous UFO sightings. At first, the military was concerned that these sightings were new secret weapons from the Soviet Union or another enemy. After the alleged Roswell crash, the attitude of the US government and the military changed drastically. They moved from worrying about secret weapons to actively discrediting their reality. From that point on, two things began to happen in the US: 1) Citizens were abducted and had sexual reproductive experiments conducted on them;[x] and 2) technological advancement exploded within our nation. Has America been exchanging access to our citizens for advanced knowledge since the end of WWII? Let’s address this from the symptomological standpoint regarding the influence of the Watchers.
1. Has there been a great acceleration of knowledge that surpasses that of previous generations?
2. Has there been a refining of civilization and technology with a corresponding level of darkness released with it?
3. It there a move within our civilization to cast off all boundaries (restraints) set by God for a more enlightened view?
4. Has there been an increase in sexual perversion that far surpasses historical norms?
If you answered “yes” to these questions, the underlying disease in our society is the tacit influence of the Watchers from behind the closed doors of our government and the Luciferian Elite.
The Nephilim—Human 2.0?
There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. (Genesis 6:4)
An important word I want to look at in this Scripture is “giants.” In Hebrew, the word is nephiyl (nef-eel’), and it means “giants, the Nephilim.”[xi]
The New American Commentary provides the following insights regarding the usage of the term “Nephilim.”
“Nephilim” is a transliteration of the Hebrew, not a translation, which indicates a group or class. It is commonly related to nāpal, meaning “to fall”; thus the Nephilim are considered “the Fallen Ones.” If so, does this refer to their expulsion from heaven, their death as “fallen” in battle, or to their moral degeneracy? Another proposal is the related noun nēpel, meaning“miscarriage” (Job 3:16; Ps 58:8 ; Eccl 6:3), suggesting that they were unusual in appearance since they were born by miscarriage. The terms “fallen” and “warriors” occur repeatedly in Ezekiel’s oracles against the nations (Ezek 32:20–27) whose armies fall in battle; this may have alluded to 6:1–4. Ezekiel’s use of “fallen,” however, is likely a sound play on the word “Nephilim” and not derived from an etymological association.
The traditional English rendering “giants” (AV) follows the LXX Septuagint (and ancient versions), which translates gígantes for Hebrew nĕpilîm (Nephilim). We can attribute this most likely to the influence of the later account recorded in Num 13:33. The frightened Israelite spies marveled at the exceptional height of the Nephilim, remarking that the Hebrews were no more than like “grasshoppers” before them. Later Jewish literature interpreted the Nephilim as giants and referred to their infamous pride and wickedness.[xii] (Emphasis added)
A Commentary of the Holy Scriptures: Genesis also provides the confirmation that these Nephilim were the offspring of angels:
Delitzsch, nevertheless, together with Hofmann, prefers to explain it as the fallen, namely, from heaven, because begotten by heavenly beings. Here from to falt, would he make to fall from, and from this again, to fall from heaven; then this is made to mean begotten of heavenly beings! The sense, cadentes, defectores, apostatœ (see Gesenius), would be more near the truth. “There were giants” (הָיוּ), not, there became giants, which would have required וַיִּהְיוּ for its expression (see Keil). These giants, or powerful men, are already in near cotemporaneity with the transgression of these mesalliances (in those very same days), and this warrants the conclusion of Luther, that these powerful men were doers of violent deeds.[xiii](Emphasis added)
Finally, Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures adds another piece to our exegetical puzzle.
נָפִיל only in pl. נְפִילִים m. giants, Gen. 6:4; Nu. 13:33. So all the ancient versions (Chald. נִפְלָאthe giant in the sky, i.e. the constellation Orion, plur. the greater constellations). The etymology of this word is uncertain. Some have compared نَبِيلُ, نَبِيلَةُ, which Gigg. and Cast. render, great, large in body; but this is incorrect; for it means, excellent, noble, skilful. I prefer with the Hebrew interpreters and Aqu. (ἐπιπίπτοντες) falling on, attacking, so that נָפִיל is of intransitive signification. Those who used to interpret the passage in Genesis of the fall of the angels, were accustomed to render נפילים fallers, rebels, apostates.[xiv]
From these three highly respected Christian references, we can deduce the following:
- The Nephilim were the offspring of angels (most likely a specific class of angels described in 1 Enoch as Watchers).
- The term “Nephilim” would seem to indicate a new classification or group of beings, separate for the normal human population.
The Nephilim possessed no godly characteristics. They were rebels against anything godly, representing those fallen from heaven, and were complete apostates (there was no hope for redemption). Violence and an insatiable appetite for every sinful practice were fully embodied within their nature.
These creatures were so unnatural that the women’s bodies would reject them, and they would miscarry these abominations. The unearthly strength of these creatures was manifested in their ability to survive the miscarriages and continue to grow into adulthood.
More and more we are finding that mythology in general though greatly contorted very often has some historic base. And the interesting thing is that one myth which occurs over and over again in many parts of the world is that somewhere a long time ago supernatural beings had sexual intercourse with natural women and produced a special breed of people.[xv]
Mythology is replete with stories of men who were half god or demigod, such as the legendary Hercules. We also find stories of beings that were half man and half animal that possibly fit the narrative of “Baal and the Heifer” referred to by Stephen Quayle from the ancient Canaanite tablet. Such legends seem to be derived from nothing more than the imaginations of primitive men, until recently when Russia announced that it discovered the ancient remains of a satyr in an archeological dig.[xvi] It should be noted that both Christian researchers Stephen Quayle and Dr. L. A. Marzulli have discovered a planned, massive cover-up of such findings by the world’s Elite, to include the Smithsonian Institute here in the US. While the Elite promote evolution in our schools (something they do not believe in themselves) and herald the benefits of the grand transhumanist endeavor to transform mankind into Human 2.0, they are actively hiding the evidence that this transformation has already occurred in human history. This transformation, referred to in Genesis 6, resulted in the unprecedented wrath of God, in which all mankind was destroyed except for eight souls. (Interestingly, eight is the biblical number for new beginnings.)
What is the end game for all of this? It is possibly found in the very name “Nephilim.” Remember Gesenius’ rendering of the Hebrew word “Nephilim” as “apostate”? There was no redemption possible for the Nephilim, only destruction and divine judgment. The Word also tells us in Isaiah 26:14:
They are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish.
Finis Dake, in his Annotated Reference Bible, shares from his research that this verse indeed refers to the Nephilim:
Giants Have No Resurrection
Hebrew: rapha’ (HSN-<H7496>), translated dead (Isa. 26:19; 14:9; Job 26:5; Ps. 88:10–11; Prov. 2:18; 9:18; 21:16); deceased (Isa. 26:14); giants (Dt. 2:11, 20; 3:11,13; Josh. 12:4; 13:12; 15:8; 17:15; 18:16; 2 Sam. 21:16–22; 1 Chr. 20:4–8); and Rephaim (Isa. 17:5; Gen. 14:5; 15:20; 2 Sam. 5:18, 22; 23:13; 1 Chr. 11:15; 14:9). In the eight places where it is translated dead and deceased it should have been retained as a proper name—Rephaim, as follows:
1. Rephaim under waters.
2. Shall the Rephaim arise and praise You? (Ps. 88:10–11)
3. Her paths unto the Rephaim. (Prov. 2:18)
4. The Rephaim are there. (Prov. 9:18).
5. Congregation to the Rephaim. (Prov. 21:16)
6. It stirreth up the Rephaim for you. (Isa. 14:9)
7. They are Rephaim. (Isa. 26:14)
8. The earth shall cast out the Rephaim.
The Rephaim were the other lords of Isa 26:13; they shall not rise because God visited and destroyed them (Isa 26:14). This plainly teaches that the giants or Rephaim have no resurrection like the dead of Israel referred to in Isa 26:19. They were the offspring of fallen angels, not ordinary men who do have a resurrection.[xvii]
Regarding Genesis 6, I believe that the original intent of the kingdom of darkness was to accomplish two goals:
1. To so contaminate the human genome that there would be no pure human bloodline left for Messiah (the Seed of the women) to be born from. Note: Genesis 6:9 refers to Noah being “perfect in his generations,” annotating him and his family as still being completely Human 1.0.
2. To replace the image of God within mankind with the image of the Beast. This would render mankind unredeemable. Although the image of God is marred within sinful man, it still provides a conscience. The conscience not only recognizes sin but the need for repentance. If that image could be replaced with another one (i.e., the image of the Beast), there would be no recognition of sin, and repentance would be impossible. This is possibly why there is no hope for those who receive the mark of the Beast and worship his image in the book of Revelation. (See my chapter entitled, “A New Theory on the Image of the Beast and the New Conscience,” in the book, Blood on the Altar: The Coming War between Christian vs. Christian, Defender Publishing.)
The end game of the Elite is to completely remove the image of God from mankind through the so-called science of transhumanism. Through Watcher-inspired technology, they are endeavoring to bypass the modification that Almighty God accomplished genetically within mankind (and animal kind) at the Flood to enable the cross-species hybridization once again. Their idea of a utopian society is a return to Atlantis. In this new Atlantis, humans and the God of the Bible would no longer be welcomed. Only those with genetically altered bodies and enlightened souls that have become Nietzsche’s New Man (beyond good and evil) would be welcomed there. Their idea of Utopia is nothing more than Lucifer’s promise of Hell on earth. No wonder the Word of God provides this end-time promise to the Remnant:
And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect’s sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days. (Mark 13:20)
In the next entry, we will examine the continuation of this biblical conspiracy against God and mankind in the stories of Nimrod and the Tower of Babel.
TO BE CONTINUED…
[i] I. D. E. Thomas, The Omega Conspiracy (Oklahoma City, OK: Hearthstone, 1986) 107.
[iii] Strong’s, “#H05799.”
[iv] Stephen Quayle, Aliens and Fallen Angels: The Sexual Corruption of the Human Race (1997) 36.
[v] Ibid., 86.
[vi] Ibid., 172.
[vii] Ibid., 173.
[viii] Ibid., 174.
[x] I believe that males were also abducted so that research could be conducted to overcome the physiological changes that occurred in both men and women after the Flood. It appears that not only was our life span shortened, but the changes greatly hindered the creation of hybrid offspring. This may also be part of the agenda of transhumanist research.
[xi] Strong’s, “# H05303.”
[xii] K. A. Mathews, “Genesis 1–11:26,” The New American Commentary, vol. 1A, (Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1996) 336.
[xiii] John Peter Lange et al., A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Genesis (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2008) 286.
[xiv] Wilhelm Gesenius and Samuel Prideaux Tregelles, Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2003) 556.
[xv] .D. E. Thomas, The Omega Conspiracy, with endorsement by Francis A. Schaeffer on the back cover (Oklahoma City, OK:Hearthstone1986).
[xvii] Finis Jennings Dake, Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments of the Authorized or King James Version Text (Lawrenceville, GA: Dake Bible Sales, 1997) WORDsearch CROSS e-book, “Chapter 26.”